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Feedel Zemecha
Feedel Literacy campaign

Since Ethiopia has written tradition individuals as well as the government has made an effort to
educate the mass. Empress Zewditu ( 1916-1930) made a declaration throughout the country parents should teach their kids Feedel. If proven that parents didn’t comply with the declaration through local authorities. The fine was 0.50 cents which is a lot of money at that time.    
In an effort to educate the mass an individual who made a tremendous effort was
 Tesfa Gebresillase who printed the Feedel Chart on paper for the first time stick it on a cardboard and made it available throughout the country. as a result, many Feedel teaching activities started all over the country.

In 1962
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Many people think the literacy campaign started during the military regime but in fact Emperor Haile Selassea started a literacy campaign in 1955 known as Yefidel Serawit, which literally means ‘an alphabet army’. The aim was to teach every illiterate Ethiopian between the ages of 18 and 50 reading and writing in his or her spare time. According to the UNESCO report, in the summer of 1962 a total of 13,280 illiterates received literacy lessons. In 1963 enrolments rose to about 20,000 and in 1964 to about 27,000.

The National Literacy Campaign of Socialist Ethiopia was part of the National Revolutionary Development Campaign (NRDC). The ultimate goal is universal literacy, which implies a huge campaign with enormous budgetary implications.

The first round of the National Literacy Campaign of Socialist Ethiopia was launched on 8 July 1979. It was full of excitement and challenges. The short-term plan was to begin the literacy campaign in the urban and suburban areas of Ethiopia. The target was 1.3 million new literates in 5,000 centers and 35,000 instructors. The ultimate goal of the literacy campaign was to eradicate illiteracy throughout Ethiopia.